But a legal checkup could forestall lawsuits, lawyers sayBusiness owners who thought they had their hands full with a slow economy may soon have a lot more to worry about if the swine flu, or H1N1, pandemic continues to spread, some lawyers say.
Besides wondering how theyÂll maintain productivity if masses of workers fall ill, entrepreneurs may have to do a balancing act: respecting privacy and other rights of workers who have the disease, while keeping healthy employees from being infected by their ill co-workers. New JerseyÂs sweeping labor laws could make it particularly tough on employers, attorneys said.
ÂIf an employee was simply exposed to swine flu, or has some symptoms but hasnÂt been diagnosed yet, thereÂs no easy answer about whether an employer should let him or her into the workplace,Â said Rosemary Alito, labor and employment partner with K&L Gates. ÂPart of the problem is that thereÂs no case law on this so far.Â
That could be because up until now, the disease has been somewhat contained in the United States. But at the end of August, the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced that swine flu activity increased in 13 states, including New Jersey.
The closest case law Alito found, a 1988 ruling about a meat cutter who was fired because he was epileptic, may not bode well for business owners.
In Jansen v. Food Circus Supermarkets Inc., a New Jersey court found a disabled worker who performed a job Âat a level that met his employerÂs legitimate expectationsÂ could not be fired simply because of an expectation that he presented a Âmaterially enhanced riskÂ of harm in the workplace.
ÂBecause the New Jersey Law Against Discrimination is considerably broader than the federal Americans with Disabilities Act, someone with H1N1 might be able to claim theyÂre handicapped and therefore fall under the LADÂs protection,Â she said. ÂOn the other hand, sound advice from a knowledgeable medical professional may help as a defense in case of a lawsuit.Â
Employers may also take some comfort from the CDCÂs own guidelines, said Gregory T. Alvarez, an employment law partner at the Morristown office of Jackson Lewis LLP.
ÂThe CDC says that workers with swine flu-like symptoms should be sent home and stay away from the workplace until at least 24 hours after their fever has subsided,Â he said.
ÂBut it gets more challenging if an employee who cares for a child or other family member with swine flu comes to work. If the employee is not showing any symptoms, an employer who tells him or her to stay at home may have an increased level of legal exposure.Â
Every business needs a business continuity plan Â and post-Sept. 11, many companies already have given key personnel remote access to their companyÂs computer network so they can work at home in an emergency, said Richard Popiel, chief medical officer of Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield, in Newark. ÂEmployers should be thinking this through.Â
Don Mallo, vice president of human resources for Extensis, a professional employer organization in Woodbridge, said companies that havenÂt addressed this issue can purchase standard, off-the-shelf software to give employees password-protected, remote access to the companyÂs computer system.
ÂMy advice to employers: make sure you can continue to do business if key personnel are not in,Â Mallo said.
Having at-risk employees telecommute, or work from home, may help to reduce the risk of a lawsuit, Alvarez said.
ÂThis way, at least the worker isnÂt burning through his paid time off,Â he said. ÂBut youÂve got to be careful to apply this kind of a strategy in a consistent manner. If it turns out that most of the people you send home are from a particular racial, ethnic or other group, you could face a suit under the stateÂs Law Against Discrimination.Â
Employers may also face legal heat if other employees find out a worker was sent home because of flu fears, said ,b>Patricia S. Robinson, who is of counsel at the Murray Hill law office of Fisher & Phillips LLP.
ÂAn employee might bring a suit claiming defamation,Â she said. ÂOn the other hand, if you follow the CDC guidelines and make an effort not to publicize the personÂs name, you may prevail. If it came down to a choice between keeping an employee who may have swine flu in the office or protecting, say a pregnant employee from exposure to such a person, IÂd feel pretty comfortable arguing the case for the employer in front of a jury.Â
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Beth Fitzgerald contributed to this report