As part of the Memorial Sloan Kettering–Hackensack Meridian Health Partnership, the two organizations formed an Immunology Research Collaboration, they announced on Friday.
Through this joint initiative, researchers can apply for funding to support innovative investigations to explore the power of the immune system and ways it may be harnessed to fight cancer.
Three immunology projects were selected that will explore the creation of cancer-targeted T-cells within the thymus, and the impact of gut microbiota in patients with multiple myeloma and other cancers including those receiving stem cell transplantation.
The researchers with projects selected in 2020 for funding support over one to two years are:
- Dr. Johannes Zakrzewski, associate member in the Hackensack Meridian Health Center for Discovery and Innovation: leading the project “Targeting Auto and Neoantigens with In Vivo-Generated Antigen-Specific T Cells.” His lab will investigate novel strategies for cancer immunotherapy and immunosurveillance by employing the capacity of the thymus gland in mice to produce cancer-targeted T-cells, and by harnessing advances in gene therapy and chimeric antigen receptor technology to help lay the groundwork for future cancer immunotherapy treatment options that are safe and durable. This immunotherapy approach could be especially suitable for children and young adults with cancer.
- Dr. Boglarka Gyurkocza, Memorial Sloan Kettering medical oncologist: leading the project “Targeting the Gut Microbiome to Improve Outcomes after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation,” which will explore in an ongoing clinical trial whether certain antibiotics preserve specific anaerobic intestinal microbiota in patients who have received stem cell transplants, and how preserving this gut flora affects the risk of patients developing graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), a serious complication of stem cell transplant. The trial is currently open at MSK and will also open at the John Theurer Cancer Center. Gyurkocza and colleagues will also examine how the loss of anaerobic gut flora may impact the risk of relapse and progression in multiple myeloma mouse models.
- Dr. Rena Feinman, associate member in the Hackensack Meridian Health Center for Discovery and Innovation: leading a project called “Impact of the Gut Microbiome on Immunotherapeutic Response in Multiple Myeloma.” She and the project team will investigate whether distinct gut microbiota can predict the risk for relapse in patients with high-risk multiple myeloma who received the standard of care, including a stem cell transplant from a donor. By analyzing the gut microbiota in patients’ stool before and after transplant, the researchers will also be able to personalize which antibiotics a patient receives. Feinman will also explore the relationship between the gut microbiome and multiple myeloma progression in experimental models.
“Immunotherapy has become an essential pillar of cancer treatment, but much remains to be discovered about the immune system and new ways to take advantage of its power to treat cancer effectively,” said Dr. Paul Sabbatini, deputy physician-in-chief for clinical research at Memorial Sloan Kettering. “The Immunology Research Collaboration between Memorial Sloan Kettering and Hackensack Meridian Health gives researchers an opportunity to delve deeply into unexplored facets of the immune system, both in the lab and clinic, and speed discoveries that will ultimately contribute to reducing the burden of cancer on our patients, their families, and the world. We are enthusiastic about the potential of these three research projects and look forward to their results.”