At the national level, the report shows the rates of teen suicide and child mortality have increased sharply since the inaugural report in 2016. However, despite these challenges, women and children have seen some successes, with encouraging improvements to decrease the rate of teen births and increase the rate of flu vaccinations among women.
Key highlights for New Jersey include:
- Despite rising teen suicide rates nationally, New Jersey remains as a state with one of the lowest teen suicide rates in the country (5.2 deaths per 100,000) second only to Rhode Island;
- Tobacco use among youth ages 12-17 decreased 43 percent from 7.2 percent to 4.1 percent over the past three years;
- In the same time period, food insecurity decreased 26 percent from 11.7 percent to 8.6 percent of households;
- In the past year, teen births decreased 15 percent from 12.1 to 10.3 births per 1,000 females ages 15-19.
Among New Jersey’s strengths, low prevalence of food insecurity: low prevalence of household smoke: low prevalence of 2+ adverse childhood experiences.
The challenges include, high maternal mortality rate, high percentage of low-risk cesarean deliveries, low prevalence of children with adequate health insurance.
In the past year, HPV immunization among males ages 13-17 increased 27 percent from 35.8 percent to 45.5 percent. Teen births decreased 15 percent from 12.1 to 10.3 births per 1,000 females ages 15-19. Chlamydia increased 9 percent from 1,252.5 to 1,359.6 cases per 100,000 females ages 15-44.
In the past three years, tobacco use among New Jersey youth ages 12-17 decreased 43 percent from 7.2 percent to 4.1 percent while food insecurity decreased 26 percent from 11.7 percent to 8.6 percent of households.
Also in the past three years, drug deaths increased 49 percent from 11.6 to 17.3 deaths per 100,000 females ages 15-44.
Data from the report revealed that social and economic factors, including concentrated disadvantage, continue to influence individual and population health and well-being across the country.
Stark disparities exist in key measures of health across states and by race/ethnicity, gender and education. To achieve the highest level of health for all people, these disparities need to be addressed and eliminated.
America’s Health Rankings’ purpose is to create widespread awareness of where states stand on important public health measures.
Fifty-five measures of health are used to rank states. Additionally, six measures from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System and 12 supplemental measures that are not included in the state rankings calculation reveal current and emerging issues affecting women and children.